We can make your life easier

It takes time to produce an effective publication. Editors are trained to make the publishing process easier and to accurately convey your message. If your words are unclear, your readers may be confused. We will:

  • Ensure that your message is clear

  • Save time and help you meet your deadlines

  • Help you avoid embarrassing errors

  • Make sure your publication sounds professional and credible

Substantive editing

We help you get the text into its final form, which may involve reordering or rewriting segments to improve readability, clarity, or accuracy. We revise any or all aspects of the text to improve its presentation, and incorporate responses to queries and suggestions.

This is also sometimes called stylistic editing, content editing, or line editing. It can be combined with copyediting.

Note that we do not offer developmental editing—helping authors develop their project from an initial concept or draft—or writing services.


We work with your text when it is in final or nearly final form. We read each sentence carefully, seeking to fix all errors of spelling, punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and word usage while preserving your meaning and voice. With your permission, we may rewrite tangled sentences or suggest alternative wordings. We can ensure that your text conforms to a certain editorial style. We also check elements such as captions, tables, figures, photos, maps, citations, references, and footnotes.

This is what we spend most of our time doing. Copyediting can be light, medium, or heavy. It can also be combined with substantive editing. "Copy" is another word for text that is to be published.


We usually proofread a project after design is complete and any visual elements have been added. We correct errors that may have been overlooked during copyediting or introduced during the review stage or design process. We can also cross-check the text to ensure that earlier changes were made correctly, and we can check design elements such as heading and typeface styles, page numbers, and spacing.

Proofreading is the final quality step after copyediting and layout. Many people use the word "proofreading" to mean general checking of a piece of writing, but in the traditional publishing workflow, proofreading is one stage at the end of the editing process.

What service do I need?

If you're not sure what type of editing you need, please reach out. We can start with a conversation to help determine the best type of edit for you. We can also review the document to determine what level we recommend. We will customize our editing approach to suit your needs.

Please see our FAQ page for more information about how we work.